Home » Endocrine Disorders

Endocrine Disorders

Endocrine Disorders

Glands of the endocrine system include the pituitary gland, the thyroid gland, the parathyroid glands, the thymus, and the adrenal glands. These glands produce chemical messengers called hormones.

Other glands are also included in the endocrine system since they contain endocrine tissue that secretes hormones. These include the pancreas, ovaries and testes.

If your body does not respond to your hormones the way it is suppose to, you could develop a hormone disease. Other causes of hormone disease include stress, infection and changes in your blood’s fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels.

Cutaneous manifestations of endocrine disorders

Skin diseases with underlying endocrine pathology include:

  • Thyrotoxicoxix – hair loss
  • Hypothyroidism – hair loss, skin is cold and pale
  • Cushing syndrome – Excess growth of body and facial hair
  • Addison disease – skin is hyperpigmented mostly on face, neck and back of hands
  • Acromegaly – Thickened skin and coarser facial features
  • Hyperandrogenism – acne, temporal balding
  • Hypopituitarism – yellowish, pale thin skin which causes wrinkling around the eyes and mouth. Patients may look older than their age would indicate.
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism –
  • Hypoparathyroidism – Skin is dry, scaly and puffy. Nails become brittle and hair is coarse and sparse.
  • Pseudohtpoparathyroidism – subcutaneous calcifications
  • Manifestations of diabetes mellitus – diabetic dermopathy

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

A hormonal disorder characterized by incomplete development of Graafian follicles in the ovary due to inadequate secretion of luteinizing hormone. Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome include obesity, hirsutism and acne. The female is usually infertile due to the lack of ovulation. With proper diagnosis and treatment by administering the appropriate hormones the disease can be managed. There is no cure for PCOS.

American Society for Dermatologic Surgery Logo