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Alopecia

New Treatment for Hair Loss now available at Dermatology Specialists of Atlanta

Dr. Kathleen Smith now offers customized compounded topical prescription for hair loss and the prevention of hair loss. Dr. Smith compounds the formula that is right for your condition using formulas that are well-studied and clinically proven active pharmaceutical ingredients. She is very excited about the results she is seeing in her patients.

Whether you’re at the beginning stages of hair loss, have a receding hairline or at the more advanced stages, our topical hair regrowth formulas are customized to help meet your goals of youthful and abundant hair. Call and make your appointment at Dermatology Specialists of Atlanta located in Tucker, GA.

Adult Hair Loss

male hair loss, Atlanta

Male Hair Loss

Alopecia areata is a disease that affects the normal distribution of hair on a person’s head. Most people lose fifty to about one hundred hairs each day, but patients with the condition lose one hundred fifty or more hairs each day. This is an autoimmune condition in which the patient’s body attacks hair follicles. The National Institutes of Health cite that autoimmune conditions of all types are on the rise as the population ages. More men than women suffer from the condition, and the condition tends to progress over time without treatment, hair loss happens as a result.

The androgenic type, also known as male or female-pattern baldness, is hereditary and the most common reason for hair loss. The disease affects about fifteen percent of all male adolescents and approximately half of Caucasian men over the age of fifty. About six to twelve percent of women of less than thirty years old have some form of female-pattern baldness. About half of all women experience some genetic loss of hair by the age of fifty. Some patients try products with minoxidil, an FDA-approved medicine for hair loss. Before self-treatment, a board-certified dermatologist such as Dermatology Specialists of Atlanta should evaluate the patient. Effective treatment requires an accurate diagnosis in all cases.

Types of Hair Loss

Androgenic, male: Over time, the patient loses hair and his hair follicles “miniaturize.” The condition first presents as hairline recession at the front and progresses to hair loss at the vertex. The Norwood Hamilton Classification Types I-VII may further categorize types of this form of male pattern baldness. http://www.americanhairloss.org/men_hair_loss/the_norwood_scale.asp

Androgenic, female:

female hair loss, Atlanta

Female Hair Loss

Female patients experience thinning hair at the crown and hairline, but the disease progresses over time. Ludwig Classification Grades I-III may describe the patterns of female hair loss.
http://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletters/Harvard_Womens_Health_Watch/2009/June/Treating-female-pattern-hair-loss

A. areata: Patients experience patchy hair loss without scalp scarring.

A. totalis: As the name implies, the patient experiences total hair loss.

Telogen effluvium:

This type of diffuse hair loss may be temporary in some patients. Hair growth and loss cycles occur abnormally to the hair during the resting phase.

Medical researchers say that triggers for the condition include illness, certain medications, and environmental/physical/emotional stress. It can take up to three months from the trigger event to lose hair, though some individuals start to lose hair in days or weeks after the event.

Anagen efluvium:

Results in diffuse hair fall. This type affects the hairs in the growing phase and may eventually progress to total scalp baldness.

Cicaricial a.:

This type creates a perfectly slick-looking scalp with no evidence of follicle openings. The scalp scars and closes over them.

Traction a.:

This type, as the name implies, occurs from physical stresses placed on hair follicles. For example, chemicals, heat, hair extensions and other stresses cause the hair to fall.

Related Conditions

Pregnancy causes usually temporary post-delivery hair loss, known as telogen gravidarum. Because the new mother’s hormones change from pregnant to non-pregnant state, her hair changes as well.

Other hair loss conditions include:

Tinea capitis:

Hair breaks off at or close to the scalp, sometimes as the result of inflammation, usually as the result of fungal agents.

Trichotillomia:

The patient loses hair as a result of his or her pulling or tugging at it. He or she may be unaware of the habit.

Risks

According to researchers at the University of Maryland Medical Center, patients are more likely to experience hair loss during pregnancy; physiological-psychological stress; poor diet; use of some medicines, such as chemotherapeutic drugs; overcrowding; or after sharing hair or grooming products.

Of course, genetic hair loss doesn’t result from the patient’s risk factors. The patient inherited his or her tendency to lose hair from the family tree.

Causes

For cause-mediated hair loss: Conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCS) in women, adrenal/pituitary hyperplasia, drugs (especially sex hormones testosterone or progesterone), adreno-corticosteroids or anabolic steroids (used by bodybuilders) can cause hair loss.

A. areata, as an autoimune-related disorder, may present with thyroiditis or other autoimmune illnesses. Changing or starting new medicines, including contraceptives, anti-coagulants, retinoids, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, cholesterol-reduction medicines, and many others can prompt hair loss.

Evaluation and Treatment

Dr. Kathleen J. Smith of Dermatology Specialists of Atlanta takes a complete patient history as part of the patient’s office examination. Specific tests or, in some cases, a biopsy may be necessary to confirm reasons for the patient’s hair loss. According to the National Alopecia Areata Foundation, dermatologists often try various treatments for patients with hair loss including anti-inflammatory drugs (by injection, mouth, or topical), short-term abrasive therapies, or topical immontherapeutic agents may be used.

Conclusion

Dermatology Specialists of Atlanta knows that hair loss can cause embarrassment, social avoidance, or stress. It’s essential to learn the cause of the patient’s hair loss prior to recommending treatment, but there are many treatment options available today. Patients throughout greater Atlanta — including North Decatur, GA, Belvedere Park, GA, Druid Hills, GA, North Druid Hills, GA, Panthersville, GA, Tucker, GA, and East Point, GA — can get medical help for alopecia and hair loss now by calling Dr. Kathleen J. Smith at 678-904-4932.

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